Gum disease or gingivitis is swelling or soreness of gums around your teeth. The Streptococcus Bacteria builds up in your mouth, causing plaque to build up. Plaque is a sticky colorless film that forms on your teeth as bacteria thrive and multiply. These bacteria also produce toxins which inflame your gums.
How do you know if you have gum disease?
- Swollen gums, bleeding gums or are puffy and red
- Gums that have pulled away from your teeth
- Constant bad breath or bad taste in your mouth
People with diabetes are more likely to get gum disease. Many medications such as steroids, blood pressure, even birth control can affect your gums. Any medications which reduce saliva can make tooth decay more likely. Poor oral hygiene, smoking, and your genetics can be a cause of an increased chance of developing gum disease.
How can you prevent or reverse gum disease?
Brush your teeth at least twice a day, floss and water floss. Adding Xylitol to your water flossing routine will help minimize the Streptococcus Bacteria. See your dentist on a regular basis. All of these things will help reduce your bacterial levels, keep your breath fresh and save your smile.